Stretching north from Howard Street and west from Lake Michigan, Evanston is a vibrant community comprising many strong neighborhoods, races, religions and levels of income.
Northwestern University, a major landmark of Evanston, was actually founded before the City itself. In 1851, the plans for Northwestern began and in 1855, Northwestern University opened its doors for the first time to 10 students. The founders of Northwestern, one being John Evans, submitted to the county judge their plans for a city and their wishes to rename the town Evanston in 1854. In 1857, the town of Evanston was named.
During the Civil War, the town of Evanston fought on the side of the abolitionists. After the war, Evanston saw a huge economic and population boom. Between 1860 and 1870, the population quadrupled.
Also during this time, an amendment was passed that prohibited the sale of alcohol within four miles of the Northwestern campus. Evanston became a town that supported the prohibition movement and the Women’s Christian Temperance Union was founded in Evanston in 1874.
Evanston continued to grow and remain independent of Chicago. The city became known for its architecture and beautiful homes on the lake. Between 1920 and 1930, there was a 70 percent population increase.
Today, Evanston is still thriving as an independent city. There are many cultural outlets in Evanston, there is a thriving business economy and public lakefront recreation activities. Evanston continues to prosper and refuses to be overshadowed by Chicago.
Facts, Figures & Demographics
City of Evanston Census Information, February 2016
The 2014 American Community Survey puts Evanston
at an estimate population of 75,282.
|Date of Incorporation:||1863|
|Population (2010 Census):||74,486|
|Area:||7.8 sq. mi.|
|Distance to Downtown Chicago:||13 miles|
|Households (2010 Census):||29,651|
|Per Capita Income (2005-09 ACS):||$42,394|
|Median Household Income (2005-09 ACS):||$69,544|
|Average single-family home (2005-09 ACS):||$394,800|
|Altitude (above sea level):||600 ft.|
Municipal Services and Facilities
|Miles of Streets||147|
|Miles of Alleys||76|
|Number of Firefighters||107|
|Number of Stations||5|
|Number of Fire Hydrants||1,236|
|I.S.O. Rating||Class 2|
|Number of Police Officers||162|
|Number of School Crossing Guards||40|
|Number of Parking Enforcement Officers||12|
|Number of Branch Libraries||2|
|Number of Books and Other Materials||437,104|
|Number of Registered Borrowers||54,412|
|Number of Parks and Playgrounds||75|
|Park Area in Acres||268|
|Number of Beaches||5|
Municipal Water Utility
Northwest Water Commission
|Miles of Water Mains||155.995|
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