Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

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What is an Electric Vehicle?

There are many types of electric or hybrid vehicles on the market today including hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs). The table below [1] illustrates the differences between these. More information on electric vehicles, charging stations and national trends can be found by visiting: Plug In America.

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs)

 Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)

 Battery electric vehicles (BEVs/EVs)

 Gasoline engine + electric motor  Gasoline engine + electric motor  Electric motor
  • Gasoline-powered engine is main power source, complemented by electric motor
  • Electricity to recharge batteries generated on board
  • Battery-powered electric motor is main power source, complemented by gasoline-powered engine (extend range)
  • Batteries recharged with electricity from the grid
  • Battery-powered electric motor is only power source
  • Batteries recharged with electricity from the grid

Advantages and Challenges of EVs

EVs have many advantages over conventional gasoline vehicles.

  • Energy efficient. EVs convert about 59%-62% of the electrical energy from the grid to power at the wheels. On the other hand, conventional vehicles only convert 17-21% of energy stored in gasoline to power at the wheels [2]. This means that EVs are cheaper to operate. With $1, EVs can travel more than twice as far as a gasoline-powered vehicle [3].

  • Environmentally friendly. EVs emit no air pollutants, but the power plant that produces the electricity may emit them if they are using conventional energy sources such as coal or natural gas. Electricity from renewable energy sources such as solar and wind produces no air pollutants.

  • Performance. Electric motors are quiet, operate smoothly, and provide stronger acceleration. Additionally, they require less maintenance than a conventional engine. [2]

  • Reduced energy dependence. Because electricity is a domestic energy source, EVs reduce dependence on foreign energy sources.

However, there are still several challenges that EVs face, mostly related to battery technology:

  • Driving range. Between charges, the range is typically limited to 60 to 120 miles, though a few newer models can go 200 to 300 miles. [2]

  • Recharge time. Unlike a quick gasoline refill, fully recharging the battery pack can take 4-8 hours. Using a “Quick Charge” port can add a large range of miles in just 30 minutes. [2]

  • Battery cost. The large battery packs are expensive and may need to be replaced throughout the life of the vehicle.

  • Bulk & weight. Battery packs are heavy and take up space.

Electric Vehicle Charging in Evanston

Evanston has several public and private EV charging stations throughout the city. See the list of public stations below, which provide EV charging for FREE. The City currently tracks and publishes charging station usage data for six City-owned stations, relevant data can be found at City-owned Electric Vehicle Charging Station Usage.

All public, private, and residential charging stations can be found using PlugShare’s interactive map on desktop or by downloading their app.

To report issues with any of the public EV charging stations, please call 3-1-1.

Public Charging Stations in Evanston (FREE)

Station Name

Address

Evanston Parking Lot 32

817 Hinman Avenue

Evanston Public Library

1701 Orrington Ave

Evanston Township High School

1600 Dodge Avenue

Maple Avenue Garage

1810 Maple Ave

Morton Civic Center Parking Lot

2100 Ridge Ave

Public Parking Lot 4

2122 Central St

Sherman Plaza Garage

821 Davis St

The Autobarn Nissan

1012 Chicago Avenue

 

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Sources:

[1] Hybrids: What Is The Difference Between Traditional And Plug-In?Comparing Electric Vehicles: Hybrid vs. BEV vs. PHEV vs. FCEV

[2] All-Electric Vehicles

[3] How Do Gasoline & Electric Vehicles Compare?