The Evanston Police Department has 190 employees, including 138 sworn officers and 52 non-sworn civilian employees. The racial composition of the Department is shown below:
|Race/Ethnicity||Evanston Police Department||City of Evanston|
The primary functions of the Evanston Police Department are to ensure public safety through the enforcement of laws, crime detection, crime prevention and providing assistance to the community in emergency situations.
Yes, all officers are equipped with body cameras. Officers are required to turn on their camera for any interaction with a member of the public. The officer must inform the individual that the encounter is being recorded, except in situations where the safety of the officer or individual does not allow for a warning.
No, the Evanston Police Department does not practice or have a “Stop and Frisk” policy. Officers conduct investigative stops when they have a reasonable suspicion a person is committing, is about to commit, or has committed a crime. Officers must complete a contact card for all stops describing why the person or vehicle was stopped.
Yes, the EPD’s Use of Force policy is available online. The policy is regularly reviewed, updated and reinforced through daily learning bulletins, roll call trainings, and Police Law Institute lessons.
No. Chokeholds and strangleholds are explicitly prohibited in the Evanston Police Use of Force policy unless deadly force is justified under Illinois Law. This policy follows State of Illinois standards with stricter modifications made by the Evanston Police Department.
Yes. All use of force incidents and allegations must be documented by the officer, and a supervisor must conduct an investigation into the incident or allegation. The supervisor is required to submit a written report, along with any supporting evidence, to the chief of police detailing the incident and findings of the investigation. The Office of Professional Standards then convenes a review board comprised of officers and supervisors to review the use of force as well as the investigation, and to evaluate whether the use of force was lawful, appropriate, and consistent with training and policy. The Board submits its findings to the chief of police for final disposition and recommendation.
Use of force involving an officer-involved shooting or death is investigated by an outside entity. The Evanston Police Department has an intergovernmental agreement with the Illinois State Police to investigate these types of use of force.
Yes. The Evanston Police Department’s “Duty to Intercede” policy requires officers to intercede to prevent the use of unreasonable force if they observe another officer using force that is clearly beyond that which is reasonable under the circumstances.
Officers are trained to give verbal commands to gain compliance before using force. These commands may include a warning, but it is not required, as no incidents are the same and a situation may not safely allow for a warning. Officers are trained and policy dictates that officers use only the amount of force that’s reasonably necessary.
The Evanston Police Department’s policy states that officers should move out of the path of the moving vehicle and that they should only discharge their firearm at a moving vehicle if there is no other reasonable means available to avert the threat; if deadly force is directed at the officer or others; or if the escape of an offender(s) would endanger human life or inflict great bodily harm unless arrested without delay.
If a person files a complaint against a member of the police department, the Office of Professional Standard (OPS) commences an investigation into the alleged misconduct. Typically, the investigation includes interviews with the complainant, the accused officer(s), and any witnesses to the incident. OPS reviews any and all available reports, video, and photographs, and canvasses for any additional evidence or witnesses that could assist in the investigation.
Once the investigation is complete, OPS provides a written report detailing the investigation to the accused officer’s first line supervisor. The report contains all possible rule violations uncovered in the investigation. The supervisor reviews the investigation conducted by OPS and gives a disposition and recommendation for discipline, if appropriate. This same process is repeated by the commander, deputy chief and lastly, the chief of police, who makes the final decision. Discipline may include oral reprimand, written reprimand, suspension, or termination.
Yes. Once EPD’s Office of Professional Standards has completed its investigation of any complaint, the Citizen Police Review Commission, comprised of nine Evanston residents appointed by the Mayor, reviews the complaint, investigation, and findings and discipline, and either concurs with or dissents with the decision of the police chief. The Citizen Police Review Commission’s recommendation goes to the Evanston City Council’s Human Services Committee, which is comprised of elected Aldermen.
In 2019, the Office of Professional Standards investigated 15 citizen complaints. As of June 2020, eight citizen complaints have been investigated. One is complete and the other seven are going through the process.
The investigation will be complete when all body-worn camera footage is reviewed and interviews are completed with officers, witnesses and any complainants. If a complaint is filed by the subject, the findings of the investigation by OPS will go to the Citizen Police Review Commission and then the City Council’s Human Services Committee. If no complaint is filed, then the findings will go directly to the City Council’s Human Services Committee.
All Evanston Police personnel complete their initial training through the police academy, as prescribed in the Illinois Police Training Act. The Evanston Police Department uses a combination of a regional police training institutes, online, and in-house training to keep officers current with the mandates outlined in the Act.
All members of the police department have received some form of de-escalation training through various training classes. In 2017, all members of the department completed in-house training with procedural justice instructors, which included de-escalation training. As recently as November 2019, all department members completed online de-escalation training. To date, 92 members of the department have attended a 40-hour Crisis Intervention Training, which encompasses de-escalation as a practice for dealing with those in a crisis.
The Office of Professional Standards also partnered with Dr. Gilo Kwesi Logan to conduct department-wide Diversity and Inclusion training.